But that started to change when Captain Stephen Smith of the bark George Henry established one of the first west coast lumber mill in a redwood forest near Bodega, Californiain The first lumber mill on the west coast was established by John B. By the mids, more than such mills operated within the forests of California's Humboldt County and along the shores of Humboldt Bay alone.
Soon local shipyards opened to supply specialist vessels. Bendixsen built many vessels for the lumber trade, including the C. He constructed 92 sailing vessels between andincluding 35 three-masters. Schooner Oregon Pine was named after the tree.
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They had shallow drafts for crossing coastal bars, uncluttered deck arrangements for ease of loading, and were especially handy for maneuvering into the tiny, Northern California ports. Many West Coast lumber schooners were also rigged without topsailsa configuration referred to as being baldheaded. This rig simplified tacking into the strong westerlies when bound north.
Crews liked baldheaders because no topmast meant no climbing aloft to shift or furl the sails. If more sail was desired then it comerțul cu cherestea be set by being hoisted from the deck. Many sites along this stretch of coast utilized chutes and wire trapeze rigging to load the small coastal schooners with lumber.
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Most of these ports were so small they were called dog-hole ports—since they supposedly were just big enough to allow a dog to get in and out. Dozens of these were built, and almost any small cove or river outlet was a prime candidate for a chute. The mariners were often forced to load right among the rocks and cliffs in the treacherous surf.
These ships needed to return to the lumber ports without the expense of loading ballast.
Shipyards built some smaller schooners with centerboards that retracted. This helped the flat-bottomed vessels to enter shallow water.
West Coast lumber trade
At the time of the construction of the barque Hesperus inJackson writes, "the form of the West Coast lumber vessels had become well established and were a radical departure from the New England built ships. The return cargoes were compact and heavy, thus no need for the conventional deep hull form.
In the years after the quakeFort Bragg comerțul cu cherestea tons of timber to the city to be used in rebuilding.
Coming home, the ships used bricks from Bay Area factories for weight and for new construction in Fort Bragg. Sailing vessels continued to compete with steamships and railroads well into the 20th century, but the last purpose-built sailing lumber schooner was fiat lume in